Extreme and Freak Wind Waves: Measurements, Calculation, Forecast ‎

Boukhanovsky A.V., Lopatoukhin L.I.

Wind waves are considered. Differences between extreme and freak waves are discussed. It is specified, that ‎not any big wave (surge) is unusual. Such wave should have a set of certain properties and therefore can be ‎considered as a multidimensional random variable. Generalization of the field measurements data has ‎allowed to estimate a freak wave appearance probability. Abrupt change of wave spectral structure is one of ‎the approaches to forecast the freak wave appearance.

Download original text