Shirokova V.A., Sobisevich A.V.
M. A. Velikanov (1879–1964) is known as one of the founders of inland hydrology. In 1917 he began his teaching work at the Tomsk Institute of Technology. Then he obtained a professor’s positions at the Moscow Institute of Surveying in 1921 and at Moscow Technical School in 1923. From 1930 till 1941 he worked as head of the subdepartment stream processes’ dynamic at the Moscow Institute of Hydrometeorology. In 1935, M. A. Velikanov created the laboratory of fluid dynamics at Power Engineering Institute of Soviet Academy of Sciences (from 1947 — laboratory of stream processes at Institute of Geography), which was directed by him until 1952. In 1945, at the Physics Department of Moscow State University, he organized the training process of specialists in the physics of the channel stream. M. A. Velikanov was conceded as the creator of flow stations, which were later developed in the USSR and abroad. In his research, he paid great attention to the physic of stream processes and properties of high turbidity streams.