Starodubtsev Yu.D., Nadolishnyaya A.P.
Here we present the history of using marine mammals (MM) as humans’ assistants, the place and time of the Soviet Navy Aquarium creation, the main tasks of Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) involved into the research of dolphins’ abilities. We describe the biotechnical system for the underwater search (UwS) crea-tion by MSU, about the active work of the USA on using MM. It is shown that the effectiveness and the econ-omy of UwS using MM is much higher than using divers and technical means. The forecast of biotechnical systems development perspectives is given, and the necessity of creation of the Federal base for working with MM in Russia is pointed out.