Serykh I.V., Kostianoy A.G., Lebedev S.A., Kostianaia E.A.
Changes in near surface air temperature (SAT) and vorticity of the wind speed field of the White Sea and the territory of the Murmansk and Arkhangelsk regions and the Republic of Karelia are investigated. We analyzed the monthly average NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data for the period 1950–2020. The average surface air temperature growth estimated using a linear trend was +0.24 °C/10 years. Against the background of this linear growth, significant interdecadal changes in surface air temperature are observed. The following periods are highlighted: the strengthening of the continentality of the climate (1950–1976), a more maritime climate (1977–1998), and the rapid growth of surface air temperature (1999–2020). The transition from a period of increasing continentality of the climate to a period of a more maritime climate is associated with an increase in the influence of the North Atlantic on the region under study. A hypothesis has been put forward that the period of rapid growth of surface air temperature is caused by the transition of the climatic system of the western part of the Russian Arctic into a new phase state. The observed warming in the Arctic has caused a reduction in sea ice, which has led to an increase in solar energy absorption by the surface of the Barents and White Seas.