Seasonal Variability of the M2 Tide in the Arctic Ocean

Kagan B.A., Sofina E.V.

The results for three-dimensional (3D) winter and summer tidal flows in the Arctic Ocean are presented. It ‎is shown that dependent on ice seasonal variability of the tidal constants (amplitudes and phases of tidal ‎sea surface level elevations) in the Central and Canadian parts of the Arctic Ocean is less than the mean ‎square error in the predicted tidal sea surface level elevations. This means that the seasonal variability ‎can be neglected, at least as a first approximation. A different situation is encountered in the Siberian ‎continental shelf, where seasonal changes of tidal amplitude are ± 5 cm, while those of tidal phase vary ‎from 15º to several tens of degrees.‎

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