Gizitdinova M.R., Kuzmitsky M.A.
In article the current state and prospects of development of system of the problems solved within the limits of hydrophysical researches of the World ocean, and system of means with which help these problems can be solved is analyzed. Modern position with oceanographic researches in the Russian Federation, the place and the role of mobile underwater robots (or UUVs) in their further development is considered. Dual character of missions which can effectively carry out UUVs in solving civil problems (research and commercial) and military-oriented problems is underlined. Advantages of use of independent networks of oceanographic measurements on the basis of UUVs are estimated. The spectrum functionally focused UUVs for achicving the primary goals of underwater researches is resulted.